[Solved] Efficient Subqueries in MySQL

How to optimize this SQL query?

In case you have your own slow SQL query, you can optimize it automatically here.

For the query above, the following recommendations will be helpful as part of the SQL tuning process.
You'll find 3 sections below:

  1. Description of the steps you can take to speed up the query.
  2. The optimal indexes for this query, which you can copy and create in your database.
  3. An automatically re-written query you can copy and execute in your database.
The optimization process and recommendations:
  1. Avoid LIKE Searches With Leading Wildcard (query line: 6): The database will not use an index when using like searches with a leading wildcard (e.g. '%$test%'). Although it's not always a satisfactory solution, please consider using prefix-match LIKE patterns (e.g. 'TERM%').
  2. Avoid LIKE Searches With Leading Wildcard (query line: 27): The database will not use an index when using like searches with a leading wildcard (e.g. '%$test%'). Although it's not always a satisfactory solution, please consider using prefix-match LIKE patterns (e.g. 'TERM%').
  3. Avoid LIKE Searches With Leading Wildcard (query line: 21): The database will not use an index when using like searches with a leading wildcard (e.g. '%$test%'). Although it's not always a satisfactory solution, please consider using prefix-match LIKE patterns (e.g. 'TERM%').
  4. Avoid Selecting Unnecessary Columns (query line: 2): Avoid selecting all columns with the '*' wildcard, unless you intend to use them all. Selecting redundant columns may result in unnecessary performance degradation.
  5. Create Optimal Indexes (modified query below): The recommended indexes are an integral part of this optimization effort and should be created before testing the execution duration of the optimized query.
  6. Replace In Subquery With Correlated Exists (modified query below): In many cases, an EXISTS subquery with a correlated condition will perform better than a non correlated IN subquery.
Optimal indexes for this query:
ALTER TABLE `artists_ltp` ADD INDEX `artists_ltp_idx_id` (`id`);
ALTER TABLE `artists_profileltp_join` ADD INDEX `artists_join_idx_profile_id` (`profile_id`);
The optimized query:
SELECT
        * 
    FROM
        artists_profile 
    WHERE
        artists_profile.artist_name LIKE '%$test%' 
        OR EXISTS (
            SELECT
                1 
            FROM
                artists_profileltp_join 
            WHERE
                (
                    EXISTS (
                        SELECT
                            1 
                        FROM
                            artists_ltp 
                        WHERE
                            (
                                artists_ltp.genre LIKE '%$test%'
                            ) 
                            AND (
                                artists_profileltp_join.genre_id = artists_ltp.id
                            )
                    ) 
                    OR artists_profileltp_join.details LIKE '%$test%'
                ) 
                AND (
                    artists_profile.id = artists_profileltp_join.profile_id
                )
            )

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* original question posted on StackOverflow here.