[Solved] (+) function in PLSQL

EverSQL Database Performance Knowledge Base

(+) function in PLSQL

I'm now dealing with PLSQL developer, which is my very first time. And I find this kind of query

select * from tableA, tableB
where tableA.field1 = tableB.field1(+)

I'm wondering the function of the (+) in the query. Could you guys be so kind to explain it ?

How to optimize this SQL query?

The following recommendations will help you in your SQL tuning process.
You'll find 3 sections below:

  1. Description of the steps you can take to speed up the query.
  2. The optimal indexes for this query, which you can copy and create in your database.
  3. An automatically re-written query you can copy and execute in your database.
The optimization process and recommendations:
  1. Avoid Selecting Unnecessary Columns (query line: 2): Avoid selecting all columns with the '*' wildcard, unless you intend to use them all. Selecting redundant columns may result in unnecessary performance degradation.
  2. Create Optimal Indexes (modified query below): The recommended indexes are an integral part of this optimization effort and should be created before testing the execution duration of the optimized query.
Optimal indexes for this query:
ALTER TABLE `tableA` ADD INDEX `tablea_idx_field1` (`field1`);
ALTER TABLE `tableB` ADD INDEX `tableb_idx_field1` (`field1`);
The optimized query:
SELECT
        * 
    FROM
        tableA,
        tableB 
    WHERE
        tableA.field1 = tableB.field1(+)

Related Articles



* original question posted on StackOverflow here.